Dermatology involves the study, research, diagnosis, and management of any health conditions that may affect the skin, fat hair, nails, and membranes. A dermatologist is a health professional who specializes in this area of healthcare.
What is Dermatology?
The skin is the largest organ of the body, which acts as a barrier to protect the internal organs from injury and bacteria. It is also a good indicator of the overall health of the body, making the field of dermatology important in the diagnosis and management of many health conditions.
Conditions of the hair, skin, or nails are very common and almost everyone experiences symptoms of one or another dermatologic condition at some point in their life. In fact, approximately one in six of all visits to a general practitioner involves a problem with the skin. Some of the most common dermatologic conditions include:
- Acne:- Pimples on the skin due to inflammation of the sebaceous glands
- Fungal Skin Infections:- A fungal infection, also called mycosis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus. There are millions of species of fungi.
- Hair Loss Problem:- Hair loss (alopecia) can affect just your scalp or your entire body, and it can be temporary or permanent.
- Hair Transplant:- Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that removes hair follicles from one part of the body, called the ‘donor site’, to a bald or balding part of the body known as the ‘recipient site’.
- Nail Problems:- This could indicate a lung problem, such as emphysema. Some heart problems can be associated with bluish nails.
- Skin Cancer:- Skin cancer is the out-of-control growth of abnormal cells in the epidermis, the outermost skin layer, caused by unrepaired DNA damage
- Vitiligo:- Vitiligo is a condition in which the skin loses its pigment cells (melanocytes). This can result in discolored patches in different areas of the body, including the skin, hair and mucous membranes.
- Warts (Verrucae Vulgaris):- A wart is a small growth with a rough texture that can appear anywhere on the body. It can look like a solid blister or a small cauliflower. Warts are caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus (HPV) family.
- Psoriasis:- Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, itchy scaly patches, most commonly on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. Psoriasis is a common, long-term (chronic) disease with no cure.