Acne is a broad term used to describe a variety of skin conditions in which the pores get clogged with dead skin and/or Sebum (oil that lubricates skin and hair). Clogged Pores are susceptible to infection-causing a whitehead, blackhead, pimple or Cyst.
The most common form of acne, Acne Vulgaris, found mostly in teenagers, usually shows up on the face, neck, shoulders, upper back, and chest.
- Whitehead:- A white bump on the skin that forms when a pore gets clogged up and stays closed.
- Blackhead:- The top surface darkens when a pore gets clogged up but stays open.
- Pimple:- A small red infection formed if clogged pore bursts and lets the Sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells make their way under the skin.
- Cyst:- An infection similar to a pimple except much larger. This can form if clogged pore bursts very deep in the skin. When the bacteria enter the deeper levels of the skin they cause an inflammatory reaction and swelling occurs.
The Facts about Acne
Acne develops when excessive amounts of Sebum (oil that lubricates the hair and skin) block the pore. The hair follicle then is infected with bacteria and either whiteheads, blackheads, pimples or cysts are formed.
Acne is more common amongst teens going through puberty because of an imbalance of certain hormones such as androgens (male sex hormone). Androgens are present in both males and females. It is the imbalance of these hormones that trigger the Sebaceous glands (the gland that produces Sebum) into producing an excessive amount of oil.
All other explanations for causes of acne are theories and although many seem logically sound, they are not yet supported by conclusive evidence.
Acne Home Remedies
Here are some Home Remedies that some people have found helpful in stopping acne.
This information is not dermatologist tested and some of it may sound bizarre, but we wanted to provide you with all the possible solutions. If it has helped some people it could help you, but please read the Disclaimer before you try any of these.
- Put toothpaste on your pimple before you go to bed, should help reduce swelling overnight. Make sure it is the paste, not the gel. Any brand should do.
- Dab egg white on your pimple and leave on for at least 20 minutes preferably overnight, this is supposed to “Suck Out” the “Nasty Stuff”
- Wash your face twice a day in warm salty water. This should leave your face oil-free without aggravating the acne like soap.
- Ice down the acne before bed, by morning it should be noticeably better. Works best on larger pimples that have not yet formed a head. Because it is a method of reducing the swelling and helping the acne “re-absorb” it should prevent scarring.
- First wash face and then dab acne with cotton balls soaked in vinegar.
- Place Strawberry leaves on the acne, the alkalinity helps to reduce the swelling.
Acne Treatment USA
Acne scar treatments require that a person’s skin is free of active acne, so if you still break out you will have to address that first. See Curing Acne in USA.
There are several different ways to treat acne scars, most of them provided by Modern Medicine are expensive, painful, and can take 2 to 3 weeks for recovery. For an inexpensive, natural Acne treatment USA that has also shown to reduce the appearance of scars.
Machines with quickly rotating diamond-edged wheels are used to remove damaged skin and allow new skin to grow in its place. Dermabrasion is best for light-skinned or very dark patients, and not as good for those in between. For a few days following the procedure, your skin will look scraped, and then a scab will form. Most people can return to work after two weeks or so.
Laser Resurfacing: – $3000
Involves the use of a laser to remove the skin so new skin can form in its place. Your doctor can choose between the CO2 laser and the erbium (YAG) laser. Not a lot of research has been done to compare the two. Laser resurfacing can cause uneven skin tones in people with darker skin.
Chemical Peels $750
Involves the application of different types of acid to the skin in order to remove the top layer so that a smoother layer can surface. Chemical peels are unlikely to produce results in people with severe scarring and are designed only for the lightest of cases. It is the least likely method of treatment to improve acne scars. Depending upon the acid used, recovery can take from one day to several weeks.